Sep 02 , 2021


Reinaldo Garcia


From 6 months on, the nursing baby needs about 600 kcal to cover the vital daily needs. Of that total, about 200 kcal must come from food and the rest from breast milk. As we can see, breastfeeding continues to provide more than half of the caloric and nutritional needs. Even so, breastfeeding alone from 6 months is not able to cover all the requirements of iron, vitamin D and zinc, especially. Therefore, the foods that will meet these demands on the baby will be, mainly: vegetables, fruits, whole grains, tubers, legumes, meats, fish, eggs.
From birth to six months, the infant should be exclusively breastfed. From the sixth month of life, complementary foods will be incorporated, being able to continue with breastfeeding up to two years.

1 - At 6 months.
Children are not only ready to start eating other foods in addition to breast milk, but they need them to continue to grow and develop.
What foods are recommended?
Start with a smooth, thick puree that just slides on the plate.
Can be:
Mashed potatoes, squash, or polenta, prepared without salt, with the addition of a teaspoon of oil
Fruit puree: apple, banana, pear or peach, without sugar.
It can be softened with breast milk, or with cow's milk if the child is not breastfed.
The first four days the same puree will be prepared to test your tolerance.
The ideal time to start is when the family can dedicate all the necessary time, quietly.
A soft-edged spoon will be used. The puree should be put in the middle part of the baby's tongue. If not, the child, who still has the sucking reflex, would push it out with his tongue.
What amount?
It will begin by preparing two or three tablespoons, which will increase as the days go by.
The following week, a tablespoon of meat will be added
Fat free, well crumbled or chopped, not blended.
Starting at seven days, the meal will include:
A tablespoon of meat (meat, chicken)
Some energy food (potato, polenta, soup noodles or semolina)
Vegetables (pumpkin, carrot, pumpkin)
A fruit puree (apple, banana, pear or peach).

2 - From 7 to 8 months
Starting in the seventh month, the child will receive lunch and dinner.
The variety of foods will be expanded and their consistency will be somewhat lumpy.
What foods to choose?
An energy food (potato, sweet potato, fideitos, polenta, semolina)
Meat: one tablespoon, at least once a day (meat, chicken, pork, lamb, liver or giblets, defatted)
Vegetables: pumpkin, pumpkin, carrot, zucchini, broccoli, fresh beans. (Add a teaspoon of oil).
Fruit: apple, banana, orange, pear, peach, plum, melon.
Foods rich in calcium: milk, powdered milk, natural yogurt, fresh cheeses.
Salt or sugar should not be added to purees.
Between meals:
Offer the child: yogurt with crushed fruit, homemade cream, apple or pear compote with powdered milk.

3 - From 9 to 11 months
In this stage the quantity, variety and consistency of the feed will be increased.
The child must receive lunch and dinner. The snack will be added.
What foods to choose?
Those already included are added
Legumes: beans, lentils, chickpeas and lentils, peeled or strained.
Fruit: any fruit in season, in pieces or grated. Exclude strawberry and kiwi.
Meat: in addition to the above, fish will be offered at least once a week. Other assorted preparations will be included, such as tucos or soft sauces, not fried.
Egg: it will be added to purees, or in soufflés or baked tortillas.
Foods rich in calcium: a tablespoon of powdered milk, ricotta, fresh cheese or natural yogurt will be included in the meals.
Between meals:
Add sponge cake, scones, semolina with milk, yogurt with pieces of fruit, bread, pieces of cheese.

4 - From 12 to 23 months
At the end of the year, the child can be integrated into the family table. Sharing food with other family members is a way of giving and receiving affection and communicating.
The child must receive breakfast, lunch, snack, dinner and a meal between meals.
What foods to choose?
To the foods so far incorporated are added:
Vegetables: spinach, chard, beet and tomato.
Fruits: all seasonal fruits. Strawberry and kiwi may be included.
What consistency?
After 12 months, it will no longer be necessary to offer food in pureed form.
Fruits and vegetables will be served cut into small pieces; the meats, in larger pieces. The noodles will no longer need to be stepped on. Lentils and chickpeas will no longer be passed through the strainer
It is important to note that before making any change in your baby's diet, it is important to consult your doctor.

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